Written By Michael J. Qualls
Mar 2, 2019
The First Step Act that President Trump signed in late December may be a federal prisoner-leniency bill and a good reform. It grants restricted punishment of federal offenders, rational and modest sentence reductions, incentives for rehabilitation, and a few functional enhancements when they serve their sentences. However, it possibly undermines public safety. The provisions for the electronic observance of early-release prisoners is nothing new.
Having passed the primary Step Act, lawmakers ought to take care of any subsequent steps. Progressives believe that the U.S. over incarcerates and wishes to chop back sharply on the number of individuals in jails and prisons. However, the "mass incarceration" claim doesn't face up to abundant scrutiny. Even progressives should acknowledge that the overwhelming majority of Incarcerated inmates are guilty. Therefore if it's true that they're over-incarcerated, it should be as a result of too many guilty criminals incarcerated. As a result of that, their punishments are excessive or some combination of the 2.
Since over 50 percent of violent crimes go unreported and police solve a low amount of those that are (about twenty-six of reported robberies, for instance), it's troublesome to argue that America incarcerates too many offenders. Any argument created for reducing low-level arrests is moot (think possession of little amounts of marijuana), those offenders, after they are arrested are nearly always given a summons and released, unless they have prior crimes or a history of failing to appear in court proceedings.
Regarding punishment? Are penalties, therefore, so extremely harsh that U.S. prisons are stuffed full of people that are languishing there for many years thanks to some unfair indiscretion? That's the image the dis-incarceration movement portrays.
First, 23 percent of felons guilty of violent crimes are sentenced to no confinement at all. Second, nearly 80 percent of incarcerated inmates parole before serving their full terms. If we tend to gauge penalty by actual time served, then we have a valid argument that America has an under punishment towards crime. The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that of inmates Paroled in 2016 from state prisons in forty-four states, the median For Inmates convicted of homicide had served 13.4 years in State prison. The average for those guilty of any violent crime, murder, homicide, rape, theft, or assault was 2.4 years. The typical time served is beyond a median of 4.7 years. The average is ticked upward by a small range of extremely long imprisonments.
For state prisoners discharged in 2016 irrespective of offense, the common Confinement was 2.6 years, and also, the median was 1.3 years. Seventy-seven percent of state prisoners parole after serving three years. That doesn't factor time spent in jail before trial or while awaiting transfer to jail, the jail time is usually a matter of months and is sometimes counted toward the time served in state prison.
If these punishments don't appear excessive, and also the overwhelming range of individuals confined are guilty, then what are further policy changes to accelerate dis-incarceration going to accomplish? Within the past decade, consistent with the Bureau of Justice Statistics figures, national imprisonment rates have drastically declined and are currently at their lowest rate since 1996. Undoubtedly the decline reflects falling crime rates. Despite upticks since 2015, the U.S. murder rate, the most accurately counted crime, since there are few unreported murders, has been modest, particularly compared with the 1990s. The 2017 rate (5.4 murders per 100,000 Americans) is down 45 percent from the 1991 rate (9.8). Additionally, since the recession, a minimum of twenty states have had a reduction in criminal-justice expenditures, presumably as a method of cost-saving.
The risk with further reform is that it goes to the extreme. The justice system, imperfect although it is, provides incentives to refrain from crime. The weaker it gets, the bigger the danger of a drastic crime increase. That happened during the late 1960s, once the crime tidal wave began, the system imploded. Police were forced to change to a reactive vs. proactive model, and the courts handed down fewer and lighter punishments. That contributed to the twentieth century's most significant violent crime wave.
The saver in all this may be that the Step Act affects solely federal prisoners, and every state will decide for itself if it wants a return of that.
Written By Michael J. Qualls
Feb 23, 2019
I get asked this question more times then I can count. The majority do not follow through with it either. Being a bail bond agent as kenned in Missouri isn't glamorous; it's nothing like you visually perceive on TV. With guys running around kicking in doors and acting absurd, though, many unskilled bondsmen do work in this manner. If that is the vision of bail bonding you have, walk away now, we do not require you in this business. A skilled professional bail bondsman is invariably welcome in this trade. Now on to the specifics of how you get authorized in Missouri to be a bail agent.
1 you're required to attend a twenty-four-hour training class. You'll be able to cross-check the Missouri Department of Insurance website, and it'll list approved course instructors. The price is $200
2 Take the bail agent examination; you do this through Pearson testing, I believe the fee is $30.
3 Apply for a license with the Missouri Department of Insurance; it's required to have a Missouri general bail agent sign off on the application. Missouri bail agents are required to work under general agents. Once two years have passed, you'll be able to apply for a general agent license and have agents work under you. The state features a list of general agents. Start calling around and ask if any are interested in new bail agents. Keep in mind the squeaking wheel gets the grease.
4 Get approved in your local judicial circuits, if indispensable, not all require this.
5 If you have done all this, you are currently a licensed bail agent. Now refine your BS meter skills and be able to decide character and risk with restricted information on the fly regarding massive amounts of liability on bonds you post. It's more an art than a science. It's taking a gut feel and constrained facts. I believe some individuals will never be a decent bail bondsman, they haven't got the texture for it and ultimately post terrible bonds. That is how you become a bail bondsman in a minute nutshell. If you've got any questions, shoot me an e-mail or text.
Written By Michael J. Qualls
Feb 23, 2019
Bail describes the discharge of a criminal suspect after arrest and before the resolution of a criminal case. Bail can involve the suspect, or somebody on the suspect's behalf paying cash to a court.
The cash ensures that the suspect returns to court for the remaining hearings of the criminal charge. Therefore, bail isn't a penalization given to a suspect who has not been found guilty of any crime. However, bail is the most simplistic way to confirm that criminal suspects appear in court while not housing them in custody the entire time, using Jail resources.
Bail play's a crucial role within the criminal justice system because it serves to reduce the incarcerated population and make sure that suspects whose cases are in progress will come back to court. The suspects can be discharged on bail at virtually any stage during the criminal case, instantly after an arrest, or perhaps once a court has issued a sentence, and the case is under appeal, known as an appeal bond.
In general, any time somebody is arrested, there'll be three outcomes, the suspect is discharged, the suspect is charged and released on bail, or the suspect is charged and remains in custody until the criminal case is finished. Bail is an imperfect perfect system.